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Arusha National Park
1960 (Tanzania's second Oldest National Park, alongwith the Lake Manyara National Park)
Northern Tanzania, 15 Kms East of Arusha
542 Kms² (one of Tanzania's Smallest National Parks, only 4% of the size of Serengeti)
35 Kms from East to West
1,450 m (Momella Lakes) - 4,566 m (summit of Mount Meru). Entrance gates and major park roads around 1,500 m
The montane forest is evergreen and shows practically no seasonal variation. Seasonal variation in the occurance of animals is negligible. All the essential park roads are passable throughout the year, but the road up to the Ngrudoto Crater might be difficultthe heavy rains in March to May. Mountain treks possible all year round.
Mean annual rainfall 900 mm (Momella Lake) - 1,300 mm (Ngrudoto Caldera), sometimes as much as 2,300 mm a year in the upper montane forest, but an average of only 250 - 300 mm / year high up on Mount Meru (≥ 4,000 m). The top of the mountain is occasionally covered in snow.
Seasonal and altitudinal variations. At a height of 1,500 m. Daytime 20 - 28°C, night time 12 - 16°C; (coolest in June and July). On the top of Mount Meru - cold, with frequent night frosts.
Game drives, guided walking safaris, canoening safari and trekking Mount Meru
About Arusha National Park:
Lying between the peaks of Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Meru, the Arusha National Park, is a small but beautiful park located 15 Kms from Arusha town. Described as 'a gem amongst parks' for its beauty and remarkable diversity of wildlife and habitat, the park's spectacular features include the shallow alkaline Momella Lakes, famous for their birdlife, both resident and migratory, especially the flamingos; the Ngurdoto Crater, a 3 Kms wide unbroken caldera, whose wildlife presence has earned it a nickname - 'Little Ngorongoro' and dominating the park is Mount Meru, at 4,566 m it is Tanzania's second highest mountain and the fifth highest mountain in Africa.
The forest contains a wealth of birds and wildlife including buffaloes, elephants, hippos, giraffes, warthogs, wide range of antelopes, zebras and the striking black and white colobus and blue monkeys climbing along their branches. Leopards and hyenas are rarely seen and lions are absent altogether from the park.
More than 400 species of bird, both migrant and resident, including huge migratory fowls, grebes, African pochards, Egyptian geese and a variety of herons and egrets, crowned hawk-eagles can be found in park alongside with a wide variety of butterflies.