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It lies 70 Kms North of Dar es Salaam, close to the island of Zanzibar
Located some 70 Kms North of Dar es Salaam, on the coast opposite the southern tip of Zanzibar, Bagamoyo is the former capital of German East Africa and is yet another of Tanzania's eight UNESCO World Heritage sites. Possessing a good, natural harbour ideal for sailing vessels and dhows, it was once the centre of the notorious slave trade.
Its name is derived from the word Bwagomoyo, which means "Here I throw down my heart," reflecting the desperation and despair of the broken hearted captives whose voyage into the unknown began here. The present police station, near the beachfront, was the first stone building in Bagamayo.
Originally an Arab residence it was at one time the old prison where slaves were herded through underground tunnels to waiting dhows. The city was also the starting point for the first European explorers on their way to search for the source of the Nile. In fact Livingstone, Stanley, Burton and Speke all passed through here.
Livingstone's body was laid to rest here before being taken first to Zanzibar and then to England. The Mission has a museum with a wonderful collection of photographs and mementoes relating to Livingstone and to the German colonial times. A house where Henry Morton Stanley once lived a century ago can be seen in solitary splendour near the beach.