Conservation Status:

National Park




Western Tanzania


456 Kms², of which half is land (240 Kms², 52%)

Maximum Length

30 Kms from South to North (the length of the main island)

  Height A.S.L.

1.130 m (shoreline of the lake). The highest point of this fairly hilly island is Rwamtola Hills (1,278 m / some 150 m above the level of the lake)

Seasonal Variation

The mostly evergreen forest that covers above 80% of the island's surface area shows no significant seasonal variation. The seasonal variation in the occurrence of animals is negligible, but the best season for butterflies is from October - November to May (the best months for rain)


Mean annual rainfall 2,000 mm. Highest rainfall in April - May (≥ 300 mm/month) and lowest in June - August (50 - 80 mm/month)


Monthly average 22°C all year round. Daytime about 25°C - 32°C, night time 15°C - 20°C


Chimp tracking, swimming, snorkeling, fishing and bird watching

About Rubondo Island National Park:

Rubondo Island National Park, nestled into the Southwestern corner of Lake Victoria, is one of Tanzania's best kept secrets. It is one of the least visited and best preserved wildlife areas. The park area is 460 sq km, of which more than half is land, and includes eleven minor islets in addition to Rubondo Island. Most of the park area is scattered with granite outcrops covered by moist green forest; and the rest is grassland, swamps and white sandy beaches.

Rubondo is renowned for its birdlife; the diversity of habitats together with its geographical location attracts numerous resident and migrant species. More than 400 species have been identified here including parrots, cuckoos, sunbirds, hammerkops, egrets, geese, bee-eaters, herons, saddle-billed storks, ibis, kingfishers, cormorants and Africa's highest population of fish eagles. Fabulous butterflies create a kaleidoscope of colour in the forest together with magnificent display of orchids, fireball lilies and red coral trees.

In addition to the birds and butterflies, there are also a wealth of black & white colobus monkeys, bushbuck, chimpanzees, genets, hippos, crocodiles and giraffes. The island is also one of the few places in East Africa where you can observe the amphibious sitatunga antelope, an unusual species with splayed and elongated hooves that like to hide among the marshes and reeds along the shoreline.

The best time to visit Rubondo is in the dry weather from June to October or in the wet weather from November to March when the flowers are most spectacular and migratory birds also arrive at the island.