Lake Manyara National Park

Lake Manyara National Park

Game drives, bird watching, cultural tours in Mto wa Mbu, mountain biking outside the park in Mto wa Mbu, forest walks on the escarpment outside the park.

Lake Manyara National Park Map

Conservation Status:

National Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site, Biosphere Reserve)


1960 (Tanzania’s second Oldest National Park, alongwith the Arusha National Park)


Northern Tanzania, 126 Kms West of Arusha.


330 Kms² of which one third is land (100 Kms², 30%), the remainder being part of Lake Manyara (it is thus Tanzania’s third Smallest National Park)

Maximum Length

32 Kms from South to North

Height A.S.L.

60 (Lake Manyara) – 1,600 m (the uppermost point of the Rift Wall in the Southern part of the park). The Rift Wall in the North rises about 250 m above Lake Manyara.

Seasonal Variation

Two well-defined seasons (except in the evergreen groundwater forest) – dry season from late May to October / November, wet season from October / November to May (less rainy in January / February) Relatively little seasonal variation in the occurrence of animals. Insects and other invertebrates are seen best during the wet season. Main roads in the park passable all year around.


Mean annual rainfall c. 700 mm. Very low from June to September (practically rainless), most rain from December to May.


Monthly average 22 – 26°C. Daytime 25 – 30°C in the wet season. Night time 16 – 18°C.


Game drives, bird watching, cultural tours in Mto wa Mbu, mountain biking outside the park in Mto wa Mbu, forest walks on the escarpment outside the park.

About Lake Manyara National Park:

Covering about 330 Kms², of which two-thirds is underwater, Lake Manyara National Park is a small park but very beautiful and contains tremendous diversity of habitats, animals and especially birds.

The Park is located beneath the cliffs of the Manyara Escarpment, on the edge of the Rift Valley, and offers excellent game-viewing and birdlife. The landscape is so diverse that its mammal and bird lists are some of the most impressive in Tanzania. The park includes a significant portion of the lake and its shores and also large areas of ground water forest with fig and mahogany trees alternating with acacia woodland and open swamp lands.

Lake Manyara National Park offers varied ecosystems, breathtaking views and incredible ecological variety in a small area, rich in wildlife and amazing numbers of birds. Lake Manyara’s game includes buffalo and wildebeest, giraffe, zebra, warthog, impala, Kirk’s dik dik, waterbuck near some of the springs, and klipspringer on the slopes of the escarpment.tree climbing lions The Park has a large elephant population and is most famous for its tree-climbing lion. Very obvious are the huge troops of baboons – which often number in several hundred and are widely regarded as Africa’s largest.

The park provides the perfect introduction to Tanzania’s birdlife. The alkaline soda of Lake Manyara is home to an incredible array of bird life; more than 400 species have been recorded. These include thousands of pink-hued flamingos as well as other large water birds such as pelicans, cormorants, herons, egrets, stilts, stalks, spoonbills and yellow-billed storks.

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