Ngorongoro Crater

Spanning across the vast expanses of savanna woodlands, highland plains, and forests, Ngorongoro Crater is a natural haven for wildlife.

It is the favored part of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, established in 1959, with diverse wildlife coexisting with the semi-nomadic Maasai pastoralists.

The site has become of global importance due to its biodiversity conservation with the presence of the highly threatened Black Rhino and the density of other animals in the area.

Why visit Ngorongoro Crater?

  • It is the world’s largest caldera that houses the BIG FIVE and other wildlife.
  • Ngorongoro Crater safari is among the best Safari destination in the African continent that hosts the annual Migration.
  • Dubbed as Garden of Eden, Ngorongoro Crater showcases stunning landscapes with 25,000 animals, including ungulates and other large mammals.

Getting to Ngorongoro Crater

By Road

Ngorongoro Crater is approximately 185 km from Arusha by road. The trip usually takes four hours.

By Air

Daily flights are offered from Arusha to Lake Manyara Airstrip. From there, it’ll take around a one-and-a-half-hour trip to the Ngorongoro Crater.

Best Time to visit Ngorongoro Crater

The Ngorongoro Crater can be visited year-round.
However, if you want an excellent game-viewing experience, the best time to visit Ngorongoro is during the dry season, from June to October.
You’ll get clear skies during this time, giving you a great view of wildlife and the other big games.
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Things to do in Ngorongoro Crater

As a renowned wildlife haven, there are many things to see in the crater. Check out some of these fantastic activities below.

Wildlife in Ngorongoro Crater

Ngorongoro Crater is well-known for the density of the diverse wildlife it houses. Thus, various incredible wildlife sightings are guaranteed here.

Birds in Ngorongoro Crater

Ngorongoro is among the best birdwatching destinations, with around 550 species thriving in the park. So, ensure your binoculars are with you!

Landscape in Ngorongoro Crater

Apart from the wildlife and birdlife of Ngorongoro, the place also boasts various stunning landscapes that add drama to your game viewing.

Where to stay in Ngorongoro

From backpackers to Mid-range lodges to Luxury camps, pick your top choice of places to stay in Ngorongoro.

Ngorongoro Crater Tours: Our Top Tours in Ngorongoro Crater

Reviews of Ngorongoro Crater

Top questions answered for Ngorongoro

Ngorongoro is unlike anywhere you’ve been before. So, you have questions. We’ve been visiting for decades. So, we have answers.

Often called the ‘Garden of Eden’—the Ngorongoro Crater is a true paradise for many animals. It is also essential for global biodiversity since it houses highly threatened species like rhinos.

On top of that, Ngorongoro also boasts a high concentration of animals and is deemed the world’s largest unfilled volcanic caldera.

Read More: Top 10 amazing facts about the Ngorongoro crater

Ngorongoro was believed to have formed around 2.5 million years ago from a large active volcano whose cone had collapsed inwards after a major eruption.

This had left the present vast, unbroken caldera as its primary remnant.

Most wildlife can’t leave the crater because of its steepness. This is why wildlife is very abundant in Ngorongoro.

Most animals never get to leave and multiply within the crater. As a result, there’s no limit to what you can see in Ngorongoro.

Many animals in the Ngorongoro crater were trapped after descending and could never come out again due to the steepness of the slope, making them multiply within.

All the African Big Five can be viewed in Ngorongoro, like elephants, black rhinos, buffalos, lions, and leopards.

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area, where the Ngorongoro Crater is located, is a multi-use zone combining full wildlife protection and traditional Maasai pastoralists, sharing the grazing lands with plains game.

Agriculture was also banned in the area, although currently, it is tolerated within limits. That’s how Conservation is protected from outside harm.

Though all major animals are easily seen in the crater, giraffes aren’t one of them due to the crater’s steep descent.

During 2020, only 65 to 75 lions can be seen on the crater floor, with approximately eight pride. The decreasing numbers are due to habitat loss and human-predator conflict.

This primarily involves the local herders that share their land and livestock grazing areas with the lions’ habitat, which has been a worrisome trend.

Ngorongoro was established in 1959 as an area of multiple land use. This is where wildlife coexists with semi-nomadic Maasai pastoralists working on traditional livestock grazing.

Currently, there are over 20 rhinos residing in the protected Ngorongoro Crater area, thanks to the conservation effort of many people involved.

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