Higher still, beyond 2750 metres (9,000 feet) and 4000 metres (13.000 feet), you transition into the Heather Zone then the Moorland Zone. We leave the rainforest behind, and the temperature drops as the air becomes drier. The clue to what you will find in the first part of this section is in the name, but have you ever seen heather that stretches to over 30 feet (9 metres) in height? Along with the change in vegetation, you will certainly notice the temperature change, too. In daytime, you may encounter over 100 degrees F of heat (40C), while at night the thermometer may plummet to freezing point (32 Degrees F, 0 Degrees C), or even below. Ascending higher still, the heathers give way to grasses – tall grasses which tell you that you are in the Moorland Zone. This is an area also notable for its wild flowers.
The most iconic plants in this zone are undoubtedly the endemic groundsels and the giant lobelias. While animals are scarce, look to the skies to spot a lammergeyer or maybe a crowned eagle.
One note of caution is that acute mountain sickness can start to affect some climbers in this zone. Slow acclimatization is the key to avoiding its worst effects.