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    The Great Wildebeest Migration: A complete guide to a migration safari

    11 minutes read
    The Great Migration of Wildebeest A Complete Guide To A Migration Safari

    Every single year, millions of wildebeests circulate throughout Tanzania during the Great Wildebeest Migration, following the rainclouds to greener grass plains. This annual migration is a natural phenomenon you shouldn’t miss when visiting Tanzania!

    This event is so spectacular that you will dream endlessly of grassy plains and majestic wildebeest herds. It is officially the 8th Wonder of the World, and it’s so powerful, giving a complete representation of the circle of life. We at Easy Travel are here to break it down for you.

    So buckle up for the most incredible safari experience, with hungry crocodiles, dramatic river crossings, calving season, and thousands of animals throughout Tanzania. This is The Great Migration, the greatest show on Earth.

    The great wildebeest migration: The greatest show on earth

    Tanzania - why does the great wildebeest migration happen - the great wildebeest migration: a complete guide to a migration safari

    The annual movement of the great wildebeest migration herds is believed to result from the change in weather seasons, although there is no scientific proof of this claim. Tanzania has two main seasons: the wet season and the dry season. 

    The rainy season comes with more rain than words could describe, resulting in lush green grass that herbivorous animals use as fresh grazing. Once the seasons change, the rainclouds follow suit, resulting in a continuous movement of animals throughout Tanzania. 

    It takes little time for the great wildebeest migration herds to search for fresh grazing lands before the cyclic season brings them back to greener pastures.

    When does the great wildebeest migration start

    Great wildebeest migration

    Thousands of wildebeest herds resume their migration patterns roughly after March, soon after mating season and calving season have taken place. Remember, there are only major migration routes, not necessarily starting points. These are natural events and cannot be tracked perfectly. We give a month-to-month breakdown below.

    What month is the great wildebeest migration in Tanzania

    Tanzania - what month is the great migration in tanzania - the great wildebeest migration: a complete guide to a migration safari

    Well, that depends on what you’re after. This fluid and continuous, year-long journey is packed with a wide range of annual events, with famous river crossings through a crocodile-infested river to peaceful grazing times where around 8000 new calves are born daily.

    As the wildebeests embark on their epic trek, the migration unfolds like a captivating story of survival and renewal. The river crossings, marked by heart-stopping moments, showcase the resilience of these creatures against nature’s challenges. 

    Amidst the tension, the tranquil scenes of grazing bring new life to the vast savannas as the herds welcome thousands of adorable calves into the world daily. It’s a mesmerising blend of adrenaline-pumping adventure and serene moments of natural beauty, making the excellent migration safari a remarkable experience for those seeking the wonders of the wild.

    What is the best time to see the great wildebeest migration in Tanzania?

    Tanzania - what is the best time to see the migration in tanzania - the great wildebeest migration: a complete guide to a migration safari

    Well, that’s dependent on what you want to see. June to July is an excellent time to see the migratory herds cross the Grumeti River, infested with crocodiles, whereas the beginning of the year offers a front-row seat to the calving season. Let’s take a look at a month-to-month breakdown!

    Month-to-month breakdown of the Great Wildebeest Migration

    Tanzania - month to month breakdown - the great wildebeest migration: a complete guide to a migration safari

    So you are looking to witness the Great Wildebeest Migration? The good news is that it’s an easily accessible spectacle for travellers of all budgets and fitness levels. The bad news is that it’s a constantly moving event, making it hard to predict precisely where the herds will be at any given time.

    This guide provides a month-by-month breakdown of the Great Wildebeest Migration safari so you can plan your trip accordingly. Remember that these are generalisations only – for up-to-date information, it’s best to speak to a local safari operator.

    January - February - March (Great Wildebeest Migration)

    Tanzania - january february – march - the great wildebeest migration: a complete guide to a migration safari

    Around this time of the year, the migratory herd completes its revolution, moving into the Ngorongoro Conservation Area from Serengeti’s short-grass plains. Because of the nutritious grass in Ndutu, the massive herds of wildebeest begin their calving season.

    The newborn wildebeests are raised around grazing availability, and these months provide the best conditions. Nearly 400,000 new calves were born during this period, which marks a good beginning point for the migratory circuit to begin again.

    While the herds raise their newborns, predators (such as prides of lions) begin their hunt for food. Consider these months a great time to witness the cycle of birth and death – the circle of life – in full spectrum.

    April - May (Great Wildebeest Migration)

    Tanzania - april – may - the great wildebeest migration: a complete guide to a migration safari

    Toward the end of March, the rainclouds move towards Serengeti National Park, so the herds move to new plains in search of fresh food and water.

    On this route, in search of fresh grass, columns of wildebeest stretch along the migration path for several kilometres, making these magnificent beasts look like a moving ocean on the surface of African plains.

    As May ends, mating season begins, followed by thunderous battles between male wildebeest. If you come during May, you will be the spectator of this massive movement alongside zebras, gazelle, and hungry crocodiles awaiting the Grumeti River herd.

    June - July (Great Wildebeest Migration)

    Tanzania - june – july - the great wildebeest migration: a complete guide to a migration safari

    June marks the beginning of the dry season in Tanzania. The wildebeest migration sends the herds marching alongside the south banks of the Grumeti River, preparing themselves to cross deadly waters teeming with crocodiles.

    As the end of June approaches, the herds move to the Northern reaches of Serengeti, slowly approaching the Mara River in Serengeti. The Mara River is the most dangerous crossing these beautiful beasts will undertake and perhaps the most humbling experience to witness on a safari.

    The herds will face their most deadly challenge, with the river flowing and hungry crocodiles waiting patiently for their prey. The wildebeests overcome this massive challenge with what scientists call swarm intelligence: facing an obstacle as one enormous entity.

    By July, the herds are found in Northern Serengeti, moving towards Masai Mara in Kenya.

    August - September - October (Great Wildebeest Migration)

    Tanzania - august september – october - the great wildebeest migration: a complete guide to a migration safari

    Experience the ultimate luxury in West Kilimanjaro at one of the exquisite safari lodges. These lodges provide comfortable rooms, exceptional service, and stunning views of the surrounding wilderness.

    Many lodges also offer guided safari tours and other activities to enhance your wildlife experience.

    2. Kilimanjaro National Park Tented Camps

    Consider staying in a tented camp for a more immersive and adventurous experience. These camps provide a unique opportunity to connect with nature while enjoying the comforts of a cozy bed and essential amenities.

    Wake up to the sounds of the wilderness and witness the beauty of the starry night sky from the comfort of your tent.

    3. Kilimanjaro National Park Guesthouses and Homestays

    Suppose you prefer a more authentic and budget-friendly option. In that case, guesthouses and homestays in West Kilimanjaro offer a chance to connect with the local communities and experience the warm hospitality of the Maasai people.

    These accommodations provide a glimpse into the daily lives of the locals and offer a unique cultural exchange opportunity.

    Exploring Kilimanjaro National Park: Recommended Itineraries

    When preparing your trip to West Kilimanjaro, plan to explore its scenic beauty with well-planned itineraries for a Kilimanjaro park safari. Consider spending a few days to immerse in its rich wildlife viewing experiences.

    Remember to set aside time to visit the indigenous Maasai villages. Lastly, visit surrounding coffee plantations to discover their unique process.

    1. Maasai Cultural Immersion

    Embark on a cultural journey by dedicating a few days to immersing yourself in the vibrant Maasai culture. Participate in traditional dances that weave together stories of the Maasai people, visit their villages to gain firsthand insights into their way of life, and engage in enlightening conversations to learn about their customs and age-old traditions.

    The immersive experience allows you to forge meaningful connections with the Maasai community, fostering a deeper appreciation for their unique heritage. Complementing this cultural exploration, venture into the region’s lush landscapes and visit coffee plantations.

    Delve into the intricacies of coffee production, from cultivation to harvesting and processing. Knowledgeable guides will walk you through the entire coffee-making journey, offering fascinating insights into the art and science behind this beloved beverage.

    Conclude your visit with aromatic coffee-tasting sessions, allowing you to savor the rich flavors and aromas of freshly brewed coffee while surrounded by the picturesque beauty of the plantations. This well-rounded experience seamlessly blends cultural immersion with the exploration of local agriculture, creating lasting memories and a deeper understanding of the diverse facets of the region.

    2. Mount Kilimanjaro Adventure

    Venture on an exhilarating adventure as you set your sights on conquering the roof of Africa – Mount Kilimanjaro. The journey involves meticulous planning for a multi-day trek, ascending to the summit through one of the established routes under the expert guidance of experienced mountain guides. These seasoned guides ensure a safe and successful ascent, offering valuable insights into the terrain and providing support throughout the trek.

    As you ascend along the various Kilimanjaro routes, immerse yourself in Tanzania’s ever-changing and breathtaking landscapes. From lush montane forests to alpine meadows and stark volcanic terrain, a Tanzania safari boasts an unforgettable journey.

    The trek to Mount Kilimanjaro’s summit is not only a physical challenge but also a mental one, pushing your limits and testing your resilience against the changing altitudes and climates. During your expedition, the opportunity to experience a remarkable Tanzania safari or explore the diverse Kilimanjaro routes only adds to the extraordinary adventure.

    Reaching the highest point on the African continent is a monumental achievement, rewarding you with awe-inspiring panoramic views, an overwhelming sense of accomplishment, and a deeper connection to the natural world. The journey to the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro is not just a trek; it’s a transformative experience that demands determination, perseverance, and a profound bond with this iconic peak.

    3. Serengeti Safari Experience

    Elevate your travel experience by seamlessly merging your exploration of West Kilimanjaro with an exhilarating safari adventure in the renowned Serengeti National Park. Extend the horizons of your journey beyond the captivating landscapes of West Kilimanjaro as you embark on a meticulously guided safari tour through the vast and diverse terrains of the Serengeti.

    Immerse yourself in the heart of the wild, where each moment brings you face-to-face with the region’s extraordinary biodiversity. Witness the awe-inspiring majesty of the Big Five – lions, elephants, buffaloes, leopards, and rhinoceros – as they roam freely in their natural habitat.

    The Serengeti is also home to the renowned Great Migration, a remarkable spectacle where massive herds of wildebeest, zebras, and other herbivores traverse the plains in search of greener pastures. Your guided safari unfolds a tapestry of natural wonders, allowing you to capture unforgettable moments with your camera or savor the breathtaking scenes with your own eyes.

    The synergy of West Kilimanjaro’s unique charm and the riveting wildlife encounters in the Serengeti creates an unparalleled adventure. This ensures that the memories forged during this combined exploration will be in your heart forever.


    With its vibrant Maasai culture, majestic Mount Kilimanjaro, the incredible Serengeti National Park, lush coffee plantations, and an array of adventure sports, West Kilimanjaro is an unparalleled destination for travelers in 2023/2024.

    Whether seeking awe-inspiring natural landscapes, thrilling outdoor activities, or immersing yourself in vibrant local cultures, West Kilimanjaro offers an enriching and unforgettable experience. Start planning your journey to this remarkable destination and prepare to be captivated by the wonders that await you in West Kilimanjaro.


    1. What is the best time to climb Mount Kilimanjaro?

    For an optimal Mount Kilimanjaro climbing experience, it is advisable to plan your expedition during the dry seasons, which generally extend from late June to October and from late December to early March. These periods boast favorable weather conditions characterized by clear skies, enhanced visibility, and more stable trekking conditions.

    The absence of heavy rainfall during these times reduces the risk of slippery and challenging trails, creating a more conducive environment for a successful ascent. The dry seasons also provide a more enjoyable overall experience, allowing climbers to marvel at the stunning landscapes and panoramic views along the ascent.

    Choosing to climb during these windows not only increases the likelihood of reaching the summit but also ensures that you can fully appreciate the awe-inspiring beauty of Mount Kilimanjaro without the hindrance of adverse weather conditions.

    2. How challenging is the climb to the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro?

    Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is an inherently challenging undertaking, primarily due to the significant altitude and the potential for altitude-related symptoms. Success relies on physical fitness, mental resilience, and careful acclimatization.

    Selecting an appropriate route and allowing ample time for acclimatization breaks are vital components for a safe and successful ascent. Careful consideration of the chosen route is crucial, as each presents unique challenges and vistas.

    Balancing physical exertion with gradual acclimatization helps mitigate the risks associated with higher altitudes. By prioritizing these factors and maintaining open communication with guides, climbers can enhance their chances of a safe and rewarding summit experience on Mount Kilimanjaro.

    3. Do I need to hire a guide for climbing Mount Kilimanjaro?

    Securing the services of a guide is not just a recommendation but a mandatory requirement when embarking on the ascent of Mount Kilimanjaro. The stringent park regulations dictate that all climbers must be accompanied by a certified guide throughout their journey.

    These guides play a pivotal role in ensuring the safety and well-being of climbers, drawing on their extensive experience and knowledge of the mountain’s terrain and ever-changing weather conditions. Beyond the safety aspect, experienced guides contribute significantly to the overall success and enjoyment of the climb.

    They act as invaluable resources, offering insights into the diverse ecosystems encountered along the ascent and sharing anecdotes about the mountain’s history and cultural significance.

    4. Are there age limitations for climbing Mount Kilimanjaro?

    Experienced guides do more than just help climbers stay safe on Mount Kilimanjaro. They also make the climb more enjoyable and successful. These guides know a lot about the mountain. They can explain the plants and animals you can see during the climb.

    Guides also tell stories about the mountain’s history and why it’s essential to the people who live nearby. They make the climb more than just exercise. They help climbers learn about the local culture and traditions.

    So, having a good guide makes the Kilimanjaro climb much better. Climbers don’t just reach the top of the mountain. They also learn about its nature, history, and culture.

    5. What permits are required to climb Mount Kilimanjaro?

    Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro needs climbers to get several permits for a smooth and controlled climb. They need a park entry permit to go into the Kilimanjaro National Park. They also need camping and conservation fees to help keep the park clean and safe.

    Besides, there is a rescue fee permit in emergencies where climbers need help. Usually, tour operators handle getting these permits. They know the rules and help climbers follow the park’s orders.

    Taking care of these permits shows that climbers and tour operators care about responsible tourism. Climbers should work with their tour operators to get the necessary permits. This way, their climb to the top of Mount Kilimanjaro will go smoothly.

    6. What accommodation options are available during the climb?

    The accommodation options during the ascent of Mount Kilimanjaro cater to the diverse preferences of climbers and vary based on the chosen route. The Marangu Route distinguishes itself by featuring designated huts strategically positioned along the trail.

    These huts provide climbers with a more sheltered and structured lodging experience. While the huts on the Marangu Route are equipped with basic amenities, including sleeping quarters and communal spaces, climbers should be mindful of the shared nature of these facilities.

    Conversely, other routes on Kilimanjaro predominantly involve camping arrangements. Climbers opting for routes like Machame or Lemosho will find themselves immersed in the natural surroundings of the mountain as they camp at designated sites.

    Camping provides a more intimate connection with Kilimanjaro’s pristine environment, allowing climbers to experience the sounds and sights of the mountain in a closer, more authentic manner. While camping options lack the structured facilities of huts, they offer a unique and immersive camping experience where climbers can genuinely appreciate the rugged beauty of Mount Kilimanjaro’s landscapes.

    7. Can I climb Mount Kilimanjaro solo, or is a group necessary?

    Solo climbs on Mount Kilimanjaro are allowed, but joining a group or hiring a guide is much better. Being in a group gives you safety, helps you get used to the altitude, and provides a better overall experience. If you climb alone, you should already be skilled at climbing mountains.

    But, even experienced climbers should use a guide because of the difficult climb on Kilimanjaro. Guides offer local knowledge, safety tips, and assistance along the way. Trusting a guide is a wise choice to make your climb safe and memorable.

    Nestled in Tanzania, Kilimanjaro National Park is a captivating destination that offers a unique blend of natural beauty, cultural immersion, and adventure. This travel guide provides a comprehensive overview of what to expect when visiting this remarkable region in 2023/2024.

    From the vibrant Maasai people to the awe-inspiring landscapes, we will explore the attractions, activities, and practical information to help you make the most of your journey to the home of the Maasai people.

    Musaddiq Gulamhussein - Owner - Easy Travel Tanzania

    About the author: Musaddiq

    Meet Musaddiq Gulamhussein, owner of Easy Travel Tanzania, a tour company creating life-changing safari experiences for over 35 years. Musaddiq has explored Tanzania, developing a deep understanding of the local cultures and traditions. Follow his journey and gain insights into the African Safari experience through Easy Travel's social media and blog.

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